Communication is a key part of human interaction. It is a universal phenomenon that forms a link between the inner thoughts and outside world through mutually accepted signs and symbols. The act of communication involves ‘transfer of information’ via a variety of different behaviors enabled through a series of processes. A disruption in any stage of the process can lead to communication disorders. The science of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology becomes vital at this stage.
This branch of science is a specialty that studies all complexities of the communicative process. Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists undergo specific training in understanding the anatomy and physiology of the normal and abnormal aspects of the auditory, balance and speech & language systems. Contrary to the popular belief that Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology are two separate professions, they are strongly connected. In India, the undergraduate programs are designed to train professionals in both these fields with equal importance. The students go on to specialize in either of these professions through post graduation, advanced training and certification courses following graduation. These specialists aid in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various communication related disorders from birth to end-of-life.
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